This document describes an API that gives web authors additional control over user agent's restoration of persisted user state in particular the document's scroll position. *NOTE*: The proposed API is now part of [WhatWG HTML Living Standard](
We actively solicit comments on this document either via emailing to [ mailing list][whatwg-mailinglist] or opening an issue on [GitHub][github-repo] for this repository.
## Design We propose to modify History API and make it possible for web authors to explicitly disable the default scroll restoration behavior. This is achieved by adding a new attribute, `scrollRestoration`, to `window.history`. This new attribute can take two values: 'auto', 'manual' with 'auto' being the default. Setting `scrollRestoration` to a new value updates the [current entry ][current-entry-def] in history session. Also any future entry that is added to history session for the same document will use this new `scrollRestoration` value. However, changing this value does not impact any previous entries in sessions history including those that belong to the same document. Furthermore, any navigation to a new page with a different document resets the `scrollRestoration` to its default value. Note that this ensures that changes to `scrollRestoration` only affect entries that will be created for the same document (e.g., entries created using pushState, or due to fragment navigation). ### Child Frames Disabling scroll restoration in one frame should not impact the scroll restoration for any other frame including any of its child frames. ### Web IDL

enum ScrollRestoration { "auto", "manual" };

partial interface History {
  attribute ScrollRestoration scrollRestoration;

Indicates whether the user agent should restore scroll position when traversing to this entry. Anytime this attribute is modified the current entry in joint session history should be updated to reflect the change.
## Usage Web applications that want to implement their own custom scroll restoration logic can disable user-agent's scroll restoration by setting the scrollRestoration attribute. Most applications want to use the same scroll restoration value for all of their history entries in which case they should set the scrollRestoration attribute as soon as possible (e.g., first script tag in the document's <head>) to ensure that any entry that is added to the history session gets the desired scroll restoration value.
           history.scrollRestoration = 'manual';
Checking for existence of the `scrollRestoration` can be used as a way to feature detect:
    let canControlScrollRestoration = 'scrollRestoration' in window.history
## Spec Changes ### History traversal Modify the [history traversal algorithm][history-traverse-algorithm], add the following new section to the spec defining persisted user state restoration process and update steps 3 and 9 as following: 9\. If the specified entry has persisted user state, and the user agent wants to update aspects of the document and its rendering **it should run the `persisted user state restoration` steps.** #### Persisted user state restoration Run the following steps immediately: 1. If the entry has an scroll restoration value, let *scrollRestoration* be that. 2. If *scrollRestoration* is 'manual' the user agent should not restore the scroll position for the document otherwise it may. 3. Set `history.scrollRestoration` to *scrollRestoration* 4. User agent may now update other aspects of the document and its rendering, for instance values of form fields, that it had previously recorded. ### Push State Modify the [pushState algorithm][pushstate-algorithm] and update a step 4.3 as following: (4\.)3\. If appropriate, update the current entry to reflect any state that the user agent wishes to persist, **and current history scroll restoration value**. The entry is then said to be an entry with persisted user state. ### Navigating to Fragment Modify the [navigating to a fragment identifier algorithm][scroll-to-frag-algorithm] and update step 3 as following: 3\. Append a new entry at the end of the History object representing the new resource and its Document object, related state, **and current history scroll restoration value**. Its URL must be set to the address to which the user agent was navigating. The title must be left unset. ### Navigating to a new page Modify the [update the session history with the new page][update-session-algorithm] algorithm and update step 2.2 as following: (2\.)2\. Append a new entry at the end of the History object representing the new resource and its Document object and related state **and with default history scroll restoration value i.e. "auto"**. [whatwg-mailinglist]: [github-repo]: [background]: [history-traverse-algorithm]: [pushstate-algorithm]: [scroll-to-frag-algorithm]: [update-session-algorithm]: [current-entry-def]: